Jacob Morgan, the 4x Best-Selling Author, Speaker, & Futurist, listed on the futureoforganization.com the following 17 changes from the past work to the future:
Employee engagement... to employee experience
For many years we have collectively focused on employee engagement with minimal results, something I talked about in my HBR article a few years ago. That’s because engagement is the cause and experience is the effect. Employee experience is the combination of three environments, culture, technology, and physical space. The future of work is creating an organizations where employees actually WANT (not NEED) to show up.
Hard skills... to soft skills
Writing, reading, math, and technological fluency have traditionally been priorities for organizations around the world while the typical “soft skills” such as emotional intelligence were not. Today, we are seeing that it is perhaps these soft skills that matter most…especially during times of stress, crisis, and tragedy. Soft skills = the new hard skills.
Set hours & location... to flexibility
Especially with COVID-19 we are seeing employees work whenever and wherever they can in order to get their jobs done. Work is not something you go to, it’s something you take with you wherever you are.
Managing... to coaching and mentoring
Instead of telling others what to do, leaders must believe that their job is to help create other leaders…even if they are more successful than they are! As I talk about in my new book, The Future Leader, leaders must be like lighthouses that guide others to success and safety.
Humans act like robots... to humans work with robots and AI
Show at the same time, wear the same thing, do the same work, eat at the same time, leave at the same time… rinse and repeat. Sounds like something designed for robots (except they don’t even need to eat!). We created jobs designed for robots but decades ago we didn’t have robots so we used humans instead. Now, we finally have technology that is able to do the jobs designed for it to begin with! Humans must be augmented by robots and AI to focus more on the creative and strategic aspect of works – not pitted against technology.
Process-centric tasks... to strategic focused tasks
This goes hand in hand with the one above. We must move away from focusing on processes and steps to unlocking our true potential and focusing on the things that makes us unique. Creativity, complex problem solving, imagination, thinking big picture. These are all things unique to humans. A process centric tasks is equivalent to putting together pieces of a puzzle but whereas strategic focused tasks are equivalent to solving a mystery.
Hierarchy... to flatter structures
Instead of the traditional hierarchical model, organizations must adopt a more flattened approach where anyone can speak with and interact with anyone else. There is no longer any justification for keeping people from interacting and engaging with each other because of their seniority level. New collaborative platforms are making this especially easy today. Break down that pyramid.
Static workforce... to dynamic workforce
Over the past few decades it was assumed that you are either an employee or you aren’t. Today (and more so in the future) we are seeing a very dynamic workforce where organizations have full-time, part-time, gig-workers, contractors, and a constantly changing and evolving workforce.
Factory... to laboratory
Factories are linear and are all about the status-quo, avoiding failure, command and control, and repeatable processes. Laboratories embrace failure, use data, experiment, and are constantly challenging the status quo. Organizations must be laboratories if they wish to thrive. This means challenging convention workforce practices and ideas that have been around for decades.
Move for a job... to move for a job and life
People are no longer putting all of their eggs in the “job basket.” Things like quality of life and purpose and meaning are now what employees care about just as much as, if not more than just a paycheck. This is why employee experience is so crucial.
Work-life balance... to work-life integration
Gone are the days of just working 9-5 and assuming that anything that happens before 9 or after 6 is “personal time.” We are already starting to see this big shift to work-life integration with COVID-19 where you bring your life with you to work and your work with you to your life. This is the new normal.
Knowledge is power... to perpetual learning is power
Knowledge is a commodity. To be the smartest person in the room all you need is a smartphone! Instead, what is far more valuable is your ability to learn new things and apply those things in different environments and scenarios. Learn how to learn!
Long-term employment... to focusing on projects and tasks
Pensions don’t even exist anymore. The assumption that someone is going to stay at your organization for a decade or more has been challenged and instead we are seeing employees stay a few years at most before moving on.
Pen and paper... to digital everything
COVID-19 has been making this a reality for many organizations around the world as employees are being forced to work remotely using digital platforms and technologies. Believe it or not, most companies are still very much lacking in digital transformation efforts.
Decisions based on intuition... to decisions based on data
For many decades, strategic and important decisions were made based on gut reactions and intuition. In the future leaders are going to have access to unbelievable amounts of data and the insights that comes from that data. This means no more guesswork. Leaders will be able to combine their intuition and judgement with data insights to make the best possible decisions.
Retire at 65... to retire when dead
With life expectancy increasing and people staying in the workforce even longer, the notion of retiring at 65 is obsolete. Instead of politely asking your older workers to retire, keep them on as advisors, coaches, and mentors to the next generation of workers. Their insights and experiences are invaluable! All of us will have to reinvent ourselves several times during the course of our careers.
One workspace... to a spectrum of spaces
Open spaces or closed spaces? Both of those arguments miss the point. It’s not about one or the other. Instead organizations must focus on creating multiple workspace options for their employees so that they can be most productive and engaged depending on the work they are doing, this of course includes flexible work.
This is what the future of work looks like and we are already seeing these changes happening today. Leaders around the world have a choice to make. Are they going to help shape the new world of work or are they going to cling to the past…the “old ways” of doing things? I see tremendous opportunity on the horizon for the bold and courageous leaders out there…if they take action.